Efficient loading of minerals onto ships
For fast ship turnaround, it is optimal for the ship to not be required to move during the loading process. That means that the ship loader must be able to reach the entire length of the ship. This can be achieved by either using quadrant ship loaders with telescopic conveyors or by putting a ship loader on rails, allowing the ship loader to travel along the ship.
To reach the complete width of the ship, either a telescopic boom or conveyor can be used or a slewing gear can be applied. Depending on the material, also a throw-off belt conveyor can be used. If the vertical movement of the ship (due to the loading process and the tide) is small enough, a vertically fixed boom can be applied; otherwise it is necessary that the boom of the ship loader can be lifted.